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The United States should foster the development of commercial space technologies that can enhance national security space operations and improve agriculture, ocean exploration, and climate change activities, as well as align civilian and military operations and international treaties to support these uses. Sophisticated attacks on the software/information technology supply chains have led to significant breaches in the security of government and private networks, requiring a new strategy for cybersecurity. This centers on updating and renewing the National Cyber Strategy Implementation Plan with a focus on streamlining how public and private sector entities monitor their digital environments and exchange information about current threats. Beyond these current challenges, advances in quantum information science lay the foundation for future approaches to securing data and communications, to include new ways to monitor the trustworthiness of digital and physical supply chains.

Intel has committed to continue this support for these students through college and on to placements within the company. Companies including Pixar and SAP are also investing in computer science programs in Oakland schools to expand their hiring pipelines and student access to tech jobs. The City of New Orleans is working with local non-profit organizations, such as Operation Spark, to train 80 youth belonging to underrepresented populations in technology.

In partnership with Mott Community College, Flint TechHire will train individuals via a range of programs for the skills they need to land in-demand tech jobs in less than a year. To connect Flint TechHire graduates with jobs, SIPI and the Chamber of Commerce will work with local employers to recruit, interview, and place program graduates. CareerSource Central Florida is developing a coalition across sectors to train and place 100 people within the year and 400 people by 2020 into tech jobs, with an emphasis on serving underemployed, minority, and female candidates. The University of Central Florida, Valencia College, and Florida Institute of Technology will each play a role in developing trainings for students to quickly learn tech skills. Businesses from across Florida that participate in the Florida High Tech Corridor Council will support the initiative with an array of commitments, including commitments to consult on course design, interview candidates, and provide on-the-job learning opportunities.

Yet, at the same time, no nation or international organization is able to keep pace with the appropriate governance structures needed to grapple with the complex and destabilizing dynamics of these emerging technologies. Governments, especially democratic governments, must work to build and sustain the trust in the algorithms, infrastructures, and systems that could underpin society. The world must now start to understand how technology and data interact with society and how to implement solutions that address these challenges and grasp these opportunities. Maintaining both economic and national security and resiliency requires new ways to develop and deploy critical and emerging technologies, cultivate the needed human capital, build trust in the digital fabric with which our world will be woven, and establish norms for international cooperation. Innovation Depot, Birmingham’s epicenter for technology and entrepreneurs launched Depot/U, Alabama’s first developer bootcamp. Depot/U provides a rapid, non-traditional pathway to tech training for Alabama residents at nearly half the cost of leading national bootcamps and requires no prior programming experience.

The interrelated nature of technology – where elements of infrastructure, software, data and services come together—means trends tend to unfold in a step-like manner. A breakthrough may lead to a notable advance, which may then be followed by what could be perceived as lateral movement as the other inputs catch-up. Some of the trends highlighted in this report focus on an early stage facet of a trend, while others recognize a trend moving beyond buzzword to reach a certain stage of market-ready maturity. As such, the timing of trend impact may vary from reader to reader depending on company type, job role or country. Visit for past versions of the IT Industry Outlook and an extensive library of research and educational content. Adding to the challenge of filling a broad range of skills, companies are generally looking for candidates with deeper expertise.

To protect against these diverse risks requires understanding which types of goods and sectors of the economy are critical, and how to construct supply chains that are inherently more adaptable, resilient, and automated. This requires assessing the state and characteristics of supplies, trade networks and policies, inventory reserves, and the ability to substitute products or processing facilities. The United States should conduct regular assessments in the United States and in allied countries to determine critical supply chain resilience and trust, implement risk-based assurance measures, establish coordinated cybersecurity acquisition across government networks, and create more experts. A critical resource is semiconductor chip manufacturing, for which the vulnerability of foreign suppliers and the long lead time and cost of new production facilities requires the United States to invest in assured supply of semiconductor chips.

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